On this page:
6.1 Local Sockets for Postgre SQL and My SQL Servers
6.2 Postgre SQL Database Character Encoding
6.3 Postgre SQL Authentication
6.4 My SQL Authentication
6.5 SQLite Requirements
6.6 ODBC Requirements
6.7 ODBC Status
6.7.1 DB2 ODBC Driver
6.7.2 Oracle ODBC Driver
6.7.3 SQL Server ODBC Driver

6 Notes

This section discusses issues related to specific database systems.

6.1 Local Sockets for PostgreSQL and MySQL Servers

PostgreSQL and MySQL servers are sometimes configured by default to listen only on local sockets (also called “unix domain sockets”). This library provides support for communication over local sockets on Linux (x86 and x86-64) and Mac OS X. If local socket communication is not available, the server must be reconfigured to listen on a TCP port.

The socket file for a PostgreSQL server is located in the directory specified by the unix_socket_directory variable in the postgresql.conf server configuration file. For example, on Ubuntu 11.04 running PostgreSQL 8.4, the socket directory is /var/run/postgresql and the socket file is /var/run/postgresql/.s.PGSQL.5432. Common socket paths may be searched automatically using the postgresql-guess-socket-path function.

The socket file for a MySQL server is located at the path specified by the socket variable in the my.cnf configuration file. For example, on Ubuntu 11.04 running MySQL 5.1, the socket is located at /var/run/mysqld/mysqld.sock. Common socket paths for MySQL can be searched using the mysql-guess-socket-path function.

6.2 PostgreSQL Database Character Encoding

In most cases, a database’s character encoding is irrelevant, since the connect function always requests translation to Unicode (UTF-8) when creating a connection. If a PostgreSQL database’s character encoding is SQL_ASCII, however, PostgreSQL will not honor the connection encoding; it will instead send untranslated octets, which will cause corrupt data or internal errors in the client connection.

To convert a PostgreSQL database from SQL_ASCII to something sensible, pg_dump the database, recode the dump file (using a utility such as iconv), create a new database with the desired encoding, and pg_restore from the recoded dump file.

6.3 PostgreSQL Authentication

PostgreSQL supports a large variety of authentication mechanisms, controlled by the pg_hba.conf server configuration file. This library currently supports only cleartext and md5-hashed passwords, and it does not send cleartext passwords unless explicitly ordered to (see postgresql-connect). These correspond to the md5 and password authentication methods in the parlance of pg_hba.conf, respectively. On Linux, ident authentication is automatically supported for local sockets, but not TCP sockets. The gss, sspi, krb5, pam, and ldap methods are not supported.

6.4 MySQL Authentication

As of version 5.5.7, MySQL supports authentication plugins. The only plugins currently supported by this library are mysql_native_password (the default) and mysql_old_password, which corresponds to the password authentication mechanisms used since version 4.1 and before 4.1, respectively.

6.5 SQLite Requirements

SQLite support requires the appropriate native library.

6.6 ODBC Requirements

ODBC requires the appropriate driver manager native library as well as driver native libraries for each database system you want use ODBC to connect to.

In addition, you must install the appropriate ODBC Drivers and configure Data Sources. Refer to the ODBC documentation for the specific database system for more information.

6.7 ODBC Status

ODBC support is experimental. The behavior of ODBC connections can vary widely depending on the driver in use and even the configuration of a particular data source.

The following sections describe the configurations that this library has been tested with.

Reports of success or failure on other platforms or with other drivers would be appreciated.

6.7.1 DB2 ODBC Driver

The driver from IBM DB2 Express-C v9.7 has been tested on Ubuntu 11.04 (32-bit only).

For a typical installation where the instance resides at /home/db2inst1, set the following option in the Driver configuration: Driver = /home/db2inst1/sqllib/lib32/libdb2.so. (The path would presumably be different for a 64-bit installation.)

The DB2 driver does not seem to accept a separate argument for the database to connect to; it must be the same as the Data Source name.

6.7.2 Oracle ODBC Driver

The driver from Oracle Database 10g Release 2 Express Edition has been tested on Ubuntu 11.04 (32-bit only).

It seems the ORACLE_HOME and LD_LIBRARY_PATH environment variables must be set according to the oracle_env.{csh,sh} script for the driver to work.

Columns of type TIME can cause a memory error (ie, Racket crashes). This seems to be due to a bug in Oracle’s ODBC driver, but I do not yet have a workaround.

6.7.3 SQL Server ODBC Driver

Basic SQL Server support has been verified on Windows (32-bit only), but the automated test suite has not yet been adapted and run.