A keyword value is similar to a symbol (see Symbols), but its printed form is prefixed with #:.
|> (string->keyword "apple")|
|> (eq? '#:apple (string->keyword "apple"))|
More precisely, a keyword is analogous to an identifier; in the same way that an identifier can be quoted to produce a symbol, a keyword can be quoted to produce a value. The same term “keyword” is used in both cases, but we sometimes use keyword value to refer more specifically to the result of a quote-keyword expression or of string->keyword. An unquoted keyword is not an expression, just as an unquoted identifier does not produce a symbol:
reference to undefined identifier: not-a-symbol-expression
eval:2:0: #%datum: keyword used as an expression in:
Despite their similarities, keywords are used in a different way than identifiers or symbols. Keywords are intended for use (unquoted) as special markers in argument lists and in certain syntactic forms. For run-time flags and enumerations, use symbols instead of keywords. The example below illustrates the distinct roles of keywords and symbols.
|> (define dir (find-system-path 'temp-dir)) ; not '#:temp-dir|