On this page:
7.10.1 Implementing Styles
7.10.2 Configuring Output
7.10.3 Predefined Latex Macros
7.10.4 Latex Prefix Support

7.10 Extending and Configuring Scribble Output

Sometimes, Scribble’s primitives and built-in styles are insufficient to produce the output that you need. The cases in which you need to extend or configure Scribble fall into two groups:

7.10.1 Implementing Styles

When a string is uses as a style in an element, a multiarg-element, paragraph, table, itemization, nested-flow, or compound-paragraph, it corresponds to a CSS class for HTML output or a Latex macro/environment for Latex output. In Latex output, the string is used as a command name for a paragraph and an environment name for a table, itemization, nested-flow, or compound-paragraph; if the style has a 'command style property for a nested-flow or compound-paragraph, then the style name is used as a command instead of an environment; and if the style has a 'multicommand style property for a nested-flow, then the style name is used as a command with multiple arguments. In addition, for an itemization, the style string is suffixed with "Item" and used as a CSS class or Latex macro name to use for the itemization’s items (in place of \item in the case of Latex).

To add a mapping from your own style name to a CSS configuration, add a css-addition structure instance to a style’s style property list. To map a style name to a Latex macro or environment, add a tex-addition structure instance. A css-addition or tex-addition is normally associated with the style whose name is implemented by the adition, but it can also be added to the style for an enclosing part.

Scribble includes a number of predefined styles that are used by the exports of scribble/base. You can use them or redefine them. The styles are specified by "scribble.css" and "scribble.tex" in the "scribble" collection.

The styles used by scribble/manual are implemented by "racket.css" and "racket.tex" in the "scribble" collection. Other libraries, such as scriblib/autobib, similarly implement styles through files that are associated by css-addition and tex-addition style properties.

To avoid collisions with future additions to Scribble, start your style name with an uppercase letter that is not S. An uppercase letter helps to avoid collisions with macros defined by Latex packages, and future styles needed by scribble/base and scribble/manual will start with S.

For example, a Scribble document

  #lang scribble/manual

  @(require scribble/core




  (define inbox-style

    (make-style "InBox"

                (list (make-css-addition "inbox.css")

                      (make-tex-addition "inbox.tex"))))


  @title{Quantum Pet}


  Do not open: @elem[#:style inbox-style]{Cat}

combined with an "inbox.css" that contains

  .inbox {

    padding: 0.2em;

    border: 1px solid #000000;


and an "inbox.tex" that contains



Quantum Pet

Do not open: Cat

7.10.2 Configuring Output

The implementation of styles used by libraries depends to some degree on separately configurable parameters, and configuration is also possible by replacing style implementations. Latex output is more configurable in the former way, since a document class determines a set of page-layout and font properties that are used by other commands. The style-replacement kind of configuration corresponds to re-defining Latex macros or overriding CSS class attributes. When setup-plt builds PDF documentation, it uses both kinds of configuration to produce a standard layout for Racket manuals; that is, it selects a particular page layout, and it replaces some racket/base styles.

Two kinds of files implement the two kinds of configuration:

For a given configuration of output, typically a particular prefix file works with a particular style file. Some prefix or style files may be more reusable. For now, reading the default files is the best way to understand how they interact. A prefix and/or style file may also require extra accomanying files; for example, a prefix file for Latex mode may require a corresponding Latex class file. The default prefix and style files require no extra files.

When rendering a document through the scribble command-line tool, use flags to select a prefix file, style file, and additional accompanying files:

When using the scribble command-line utility, a document can declare its default style, prefix, and extra files through a html-defaults and/or latex-defaults style property. In particular, when using the scribble command-line tool to generate Latex or PDF a document whose main part is implemented with #lang scribble/manual, the result has the standard Racket manual configuration, because scribble/manual associates a latex-defaults style property with the exported document. The scribble/sigplan language similarly associates a default configuration with an exported document. As libraries imported with require, however, scribble/manual and scribble/sigplan simply implement new styles in a composable way.

Whether or not a document has a default prefix- and style-file configuration through a style property, the defaults can be overridden using scribble command-line flags. Furthermore, languages like scribble/manual and scribble/sigplan add a html-defaults and/or latex-defaults style property to a main-document part only if it does not already have such a property added through the #:style argument of title.

7.10.3 Predefined Latex Macros

The "scribble.tex" Latex configuration includes several macros and environments that you can redefine to adjust the output style:

7.10.4 Latex Prefix Support

Provides a string that is useful for constructing a Latex document prefix.

A string containing Latex code that is useful after a \documentclass declaration to make Latex work with Unicode characters.